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Table 2 Study outcome comparison between the early and late awake prone group

From: Early versus late awake prone positioning in non-intubated patients with COVID-19

Outcomes Early Awake Prone (n = 92) Late Awake Prone (n = 33) P value
 28 day mortality, n (%) 24 (26) 15 (45) 0.039
Death without intubation, n (%) 7 (7.6) 6 (18.2) 0.088
Hospital LOS (d), median (IQR) 13.97 (9.64–24.9) 12.53 (9–20.9) 0.66
ICU LOS (d), median (IQR) 7.91 (4.25–21) 8 (3.38–16.9) 0.55
IMV use, n (%) 34 (37) 14 (42.4) 0.58
IMV duration (d), median (IQR) 10.59 ± 6.12 8.89 ± 6.10 0.43
Time from HFNC start to intubation (d), median (IQR) 5.13 (1.89–10.85) 5.27 (3.2–9.56) 0.65
Time from APP start to intubation (d), median (IQR) 4.73 (1.85–10.6) 3.12 (1.31–8.23) 0.37
NIV use, n (%) 23 (25) 5 (15.2) 0.24
Time from HFNC start to NIV (d), median (IQR) 3.74 (0.83–9.61) 2.11 (0.7–8.95) 0.77
ECMO use, n (%) 2 (2.2) 0 0.54
Inhaled vasodilator use, n (%) 26 (28.3) 9 (27.3) 0.28
  1. LOS length of stay, IQR interquartile range, ICU intensive care unit, IMV invasive mechanical ventilation, NIV noninvasive ventilation, HFNC high-flow nasal cannula, ECMO extracorporeal membrane oxygenation, APP Awake Prone Positioning