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Table 2 Characteristics of family participants (N = 319)

From: Course and predictors of posttraumatic stress-related symptoms among family members of deceased ICU patients during the first year of bereavement

Variable   n %
Gender
 Male   130 40.75
 Female   189 59.2
Relationship with the patient
 Spouse   94 29.5
 Adult child   173 54.2
 Others   52 16.3
Age (years)
 Mean (SD) 49.86 (12.53)   
 Range: 21–80 Median: 50.0   
Marital status
 Single   68 21.3
 Married   241 75.5
 Separated   10 3.1
Educational level
 > high school   158 49.5
 ≤ high school   161 50.5
Financial sufficiency to make ends meet (n = 312)
 Yes   268 85.9
 No   44 14.1
Preexisting mental health and medical problems in the past year
Hospitalization for medical problems
 Yes   14 4.4
 No   305 95.6
Emergency room visit
 Yes   22 6.9
 No   297 93.1
Medication use for anxiety
 Yes   8 2.5
 No   311 97.5
Hospitalization for mental health problems
 Yes   0 0.0
 No   319 100.0
Pain medication use
 Yes   35 11.0
 No   284 89.0
Medication use for depression or other psychiatric disturbances
 Yes   3 0.9
 No   316 99.1