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Table 2 Inter-investigator reliability of force measurements performed with handgrip and handheld dynamometers in ICU patients

From: Bedside voluntary and evoked forces evaluation in intensive care unit patients: a narrative review

References Patients Handgrip Handheld
Right Left Shoulder abduction Elbow Flexion Wrist extension Hip flexion Knee extension Ankle dorsiflexion
Vanpee et al. [11] 39    0.91 (0.85–0.95) 0.96 (0.93–0.98) 0.94 (0.91–0.97) 0.80 (0.67–0.89) 0.94 (0.90–0.97) 0.76 (0.33–0.90)
Hermans et al. [19] 46 0.93 (0.86–0.97) 0.97 (0.94–0.98)       
Parry et al. [24] 29 0.97 (0.90–0.99)W 0.94 (0.82–0.98)W       
0.88 (0.70–0.96)M 0.97 (0.91–0.99)M       
Baldwin et al. [39] 15 0.92 (0.68–0.98) 0.89 (0.54–0.97)   0.71 (− 0.21 to 0.93)R    0.84 (0.52–0.95)R  
0.62 (− 0.30 to 0.90)L 0.79 (0.34–0.93) L
  1. Intraclass Correlation Coefficients (and their 95% Confidence Interval) are reported
  2. W women, M men, R right, L left