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Table 2 Primary and secondary outcomes of patientsa

From: Bedside POCUS during ward emergencies is associated with improved diagnosis and outcome: an observational, prospective, controlled study

Outcome category Control group n = 82 POCUS group n = 83 P value
Primary outcome    
 Immediate adequate diagnosis    
  General 66 (80) 78 (94) 0.009
  Circulatory 24/26 (92) 21/22 (95) 0.65
  Respiratory 42/56 (75) 57/61 (93) 0.006
Secondary outcomes    
 Appropriate intervention in ward    
  General 72 (88) 77 (93) 0.28
  Circulatory 22/26 (84) 20/21 (95) 0.36
  Respiratory 48/56 (86) 57/62 (92) 0.28
 Time to immediate diagnosis, median [IQR], min    
  General 11 [5–20] 10 [5–15] 0.16
  Circulatory 14 [7–20] 10 [6–20] 0.94
  Respiratory 16 [5–20] 10 [3–30] 0.13
 Time to first treatment/intervention, median [IQR], min    
  General 34 [15–40] 15 [10–25] 0.00003
  Circulatory 22 [14–45] 15 [11–28] 0.26
  Respiratory 30 [15–38] 15 [20–61] 0.00003
 Number of interventions, median [IQR], min    
  General 4 [3, 4] 3 [2–4] 0.0009
  Circulatory 4 [3, 4] 3 [2–4] 0.07
  Respiratory 4 [3, 4] 3 [2–4] 0.005
 Number of supplementary examinations during first day, median [IQR]    
  General 2 [1–3] 1 [1. 2] 0.00002
  Circulatory 2 [1–3] 2 [1, 2] 0.009
  Respiratory 2 [2, 3] 1 [1, 2] 0.0006
 ICU length of stay, median [IQR], days    
  General 5 [3–10] 3 [2–7] 0.01
  Circulatory 4 [2–6] 2 [1–7] 0.23
  Respiratory 5 [3–13] 3 [2–7] 0.01
 Hospital length of stay, median [IQR], days    
  General 16 [9–25] 16 [9–28] 0.44
  Circulatory 13 [8–31] 10 [6–29] 0.35
  Respiratory 18 [9–29] 17 [10–28] 0.72
  1. IQR: interquartile range
  2. aData are expressed as no. (%) of participants unless otherwise indicated
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