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Table 2 Comparison of clinical outcomes between groups

From: Facilitating ventilator weaning through rib fixation combined with video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery in severe blunt chest injury with acute respiratory failure

 VATS with rib fixation (group 1; n = 21)VATS only (group 2; n = 40)P
Ventilator use after VATS (days)3.19 ± 3.378.05 ± 8.230.002
Total ventilator use (days)5.71 ± 3.6510.55 ± 8.220.013
Rate of tracheostomy07 (17.5%)0.042
Chest tube use after VATS (days)6.33 ± 2.138.75 ± 4.040.003
Total chest tube use (days)9.33 ± 3.6812.80 ± 4.550.002
Rate of pneumonia8 (38.1%)30 (75.0%)0.005
ICU LOS (days)8.81 ± 3.4012.08 ± 4.950.008
Hospital LOS (days)17.76 ± 8.3824.13 ± 9.800.011
Pain score at discharge3.57 ± 1.035.18 ± 1.400.001
Morphine dose (mg)80.24 ± 34.73124.71 ± 48.880.001
  1. VATS video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery, ICU intensive care unit, LOS length of stay