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Table 1 Comparison of basic demographics between groups

From: Facilitating ventilator weaning through rib fixation combined with video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery in severe blunt chest injury with acute respiratory failure

 All patients (n = 61)VATS with rib fixation (group 1; n = 21)VATS only (group 2; n = 40)P
Age (mean ± SD)53.48 ± 18.3751.29 ± 15.9354.63 ± 19.620.477
Sex (male)50 (82.0%)15 (71.4%)35 (87.5%)0.121
BMI25.95 ± 3.9726.51 ± 3.8125.65 ± 4.070.420
Number of fractured ribs6.61 ± 2.426.57 ± 2.066.63 ± 2.610.930
Flail chest26 (42.6%)10 (47.6%)16 (40.0%)0.568
Pulmonary contusion scores5.70 ± 1.866.14 ± 2.485.48 ± 1.410.263
Time from trauma to VATS4.49 ± 1.584.52 ± 1.694.48 ± 1.540.913
Lung laceration17 (27.9%)6 (28.6%)11 (27.5%)0.929
Initial GCS12.84 ± 3.2713.57 ± 2.9912.45 ± 3.380.191
Head AIS1.13 ± 1.180.95 ± 0.971.23 ± 1.270.356
Thoracic AIS3.54 ± 0.503.62 ± 0.503.50 ± 0.510.383
Abdomen AIS0.85 ± 1.301.10 ± 1.480.70 ± 1.200.330
Limb AIS1.70 ± 1.011.81 ± 1.031.65 ± 1.000.565
ISS21.11 ± 6.6921.67 ± 6.4320.83 ± 6.880.638
Pain score at ED8.89 ± 1.369.24 ± 1.228.67 ± 1.410.121
  1. AIS abbreviate injury score, ISS injury severity score, SD standard deviation, VATS video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery, GCS Glasgow coma scale, ED emergency department, BMI body mass index