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Table 3 Techniques used to assess fluid responsiveness at baseline

From: Systematic assessment of fluid responsiveness during early septic shock resuscitation: secondary analysis of the ANDROMEDA-SHOCK trial

Technique Peripheral perfusion-targeted resuscitation (n = 212) Lactate-targeted resuscitation (n = 212) Total
Fluid responsiveness
 Undetermined 36 (17%) 40 (18.9%) 76 (18%)
 Pulse pressure variation 73 (34.4%) 71 (33.5%) 144 (33.9%)
 Passive leg rising assessed using PP, CO, or VTI 70 (33.0%) 74 (34.9%) 144 (33.9%)
 End-expiratory occlusion test 3 (1.4%) 4 (1.9%) 7 (1.7%)
 Inferior vena cava variation 24 (11.4%) 17 (8.0%) 41 (9.7%)
 Stroke volume variation 6 (2.8%) 6 (2.8%) 12 (2.8%)
  1. PP pulse pressure, CO cardiac output, VTI velocity time integral