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Table 2 Independent risk factors for an early versus late death of ICU-admitted patients with pneumococcal community-acquired pneumonia (note: other comorbidities did not independently impact the survival) (multivariate analysis, Cox model)

From: Burden of pneumococcal pneumonia requiring ICU admission in France: 1-year prognosis, resources use, and costs

Independent risk factors (multivariate model) Overall in-hospital mortality N = 1665 28-day in-hospital mortality N = 1665 One-year in-hospital mortality N = 1350
  HR 95% CI p Value HR 95% CI p Value HR 95% CI p Value
Age (years)      < 0.0001      < 0.0001      < 0.0001
 0–54 1.00   1.00   1.00  
 55–64 1.61 1.20- 2.16 0.0015 1.40 0.96- 2.05 0.0807 1.92 1.20- 3.06 0.0067
 65–75 1.94 1.46- 2.57  < 0.0001 1.61 1.12- 2.32 0.0103 2.46 1.56- 3.87 0.0001
 76 +  3.28 2.49- 4.32  < 0.0001 2.93 2.06- 4.16  < 0.0001 3.74 2.40- 5.84  < 0.0001
Female gender 1.08 0.90- 1.31 0.3998 1.01 0.79- 1.29 0.9586 1.21 0.91- 1.63 0.1945
Cancer / malignant hemopathy 1.60 1.34 1.91  < 0.0001 1.54 1.23- 1.94 0.0002 1.66 1.27- 2.18 0.0002
Chronic liver diseases 1.99 1.62 2.44  < 0.0001 2.53 1.96- 3.26  < 0.0001 1.80 1.28- 2.53 0.0008
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