Skip to main content

Table 1 Characteristics of patients with pneumococcal community-acquired pneumonia admitted in intensive care unit

From: Burden of pneumococcal pneumonia requiring ICU admission in France: 1-year prognosis, resources use, and costs

Characteristics of the patients All (n = 1665) 28-day survivors (n = 1286) One-year survivors (n = 1127)
Male gender 1108 (67%) 834 (65%) 730 (64.8%)
Age (median [Q1;Q3], years) 65 [55;76] 64 [53;75] 64 [53;74]
 0–54 years olda 394 (23.7%) 345 (26.8%) 322 (28.6%)
 55–64 years old 409 (24.6%) 327 (25.4%) 290 (25.7%)
 65–75 years old 424 (25.5%) 316 (24.6%) 277 (24.6%)
  ≥ 76 years old 438 (26.3%) 298 (23.2%) 238 (21.1%)
Alcohol 429 (25.8%) 332 (25.8%) 289 (25.6%)
Tobacco 590 (35.4%) 476 (37.0%) 415 (36.8%)
No comorbidities 86 (5.1%) 82 (6.4%) 79 (7.0%)
At least one 1579 (94.8%) 1204 (93.6%) 1048 (93.0%)
Asplenia/hyposplenia 12 (0.7%) 9 (0.7%) 6 (0.5%)
Cancers / hemopathy 497 (29.8%) 347 (27.0%) 278 (24.7%)
Auto-immune disorders 146 (8.8%) 111 (8.6%) 97 (8.6%)
Organ transplant recipientb 267 (16.0%) 194 (15.1%) 157 (13.9%)
HIV 32 (1.9%) 21 (1.6%) 19 (1.7%)
Diabetes mellitus 415 (24.9%) 321 (25.0%) 275 (24.4%)
Chronic cardiac failure 518 (31.1%) 379 (29.5%) 297 (26.4%)
Chronic respiratory diseasesc 861 (51.2%) 688 (53.5%) 594 (52.7%)
Renal diseasesd 239 (14.4%) 172 (13.4%) 140 (12.4%)
 Chronic renal insufficiency 202 (12.1%) 146 (11.4%) 118 (10.5%)
 Liver diseasese 272 (16.3%) 170 (13.2%) 142 (12.6%)
  Cirrhosis 165 (9.9%) 106 (8.2%) 88 (7.8%)
  Liver failure 118 (7.1%) 61 (4.7%) 49 (4.3%)
SAPSII 48 (± 19) 45 (± 17) 44 (± 17)
Mechanical ventilation 1103 (66.2%) 789 (61.4%) 706 (62.6%)
Noninvasive ventilation 987 (59.3%) 818 (63.6%) 708 (62.8%)
Vasopressor use 1032 (62.0%) 728 (56.6%) 640 (56.8%)
Renal replacement therapy 227 (13.6%) 105 (8.2%) 94 (8.3%)
Length of initial stay in hospital (days) 23 (± 22) 24 (± 21) 24 (± 21)
Length of stay in ICU (days) 13 (± 16) 12 (± 15) 12 (± 15)
  1. ICU: intensive care unit; HIV: human immunodeficiency virus; SAPS: Simplified Acute Physiological Score. Quantitative data: mean (± SD); qualitative data: number (%)
  2. aOnly two patients were less than 18: aged 9 and 17
  3. bOrgan transplant comprised solid organ transplant and hematopoietic stem cells transplant
  4. cChronic respiratory diseases included COPD, asthma, and respiratory insufficiency
  5. dChronic renal diseases included nephrotic syndrome, renal tubular and interstitial nephritis, renal tubular and interstitial lesions related to drugs or heavy metals, renal tubular and interstitial lesions related to other diseases, other renal tubular and interstitial lesions, chronic kidney disease, and renal failure
  6. eThe chronic liver diseases included cirrhosis (alcohol-related cirrhosis or from other causes, including liver fibrosis), liver insufficiency, liver inflammatory diseases, and the other chronic liver diseases
\