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Table 2 Modeled costs for PN, infections and HLOS with ω-3 FA-containing PN and standard PN

From: Omega-3 fatty acid-containing parenteral nutrition in ICU patients: systematic review with meta-analysis and cost-effectiveness analysis

Mean costs ± SD (€)   PN Infection HLOS Total
France ω-3 FA-containing PN 293 ± 152 344 ± 530 31,869 ± 20,825 32,507 ± 20,866
Standard PN 335 ± 171 543 ± 580 35,282 ± 20,825 36,159 ± 20,860
− 42 ± 35 − 199 ± 782 − 3413 ± 0 − 3652 ± 783
Germany ω-3 FA-containing PN 880 ± 581 230 ± 639 45,783 ± 29,324 46,893 ± 29,375
Standard PN 804 ± 553 373 ± 781 50,528 ± 29,324 51,706 ± 29,347
76 ± 63 − 143 ± 1010 − 4745 ± 0 − 4813 ± 1011
Italy ω-3 FA-containing PN 918 ± 557 531 ± 838 37,928 ± 31,886 39,377 ± 31,934
Standard PN 579 ± 362 833 ± 923 41,308 ± 31,886 42,719 ± 31,915
339 ± 202 − 302 ± 1242 − 3380 ± 0 − 3342 ± 1254
Spain ω-3 FA-containing PN 345 ± 243 612 ± 949 41,543 ± 22,990 42,500 ± 23,056
Standard PN 222 ± 157 963 ± 1039 44,471 ± 22,990 45,656 ± 23,036
123 ± 88 − 351 ± 1402 − 2928 ± 0 − 3156 ± 1404
UKa ω-3 FA-containing PN 476 ± 220 101 ± 271 30,359 ± 35,183 30,936 ± 35,232
Standard PN 467 ± 216 166 ± 330 35,850 ± 35,183 36,481 ± 35,201
9 ± 75 − 65 ± 428 − 5491 ± 0 − 5546 ± 436
USa ω-3 FA-containing PN 180 ± 111 1437 ± 2731 50,352 ± 45,650 51,970 ± 45,773
Standard PN 51 ± 31 2288 ± 3150 59,217 ± 45,650 61,556 ± 45,751
128 ± 82 − 850 ± 5055 − 8865 ± 0 − 9586 ± 4157
  1. Bold values indicate the expected difference in total hospital costs per PN patient
  2. EUR, euro; GBP, pound sterling; FA, fatty acid; HLOS, hospital length of stay; ω-3, omega-3; PN, parenteral nutrition; SD, standard deviation; USD, US dollar
  3. aGBP and USD converted to EUR using the average exchange rates of January 2020: GBP-EUR: 1.1759; USD-EUR: 0.9005