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Table 2 Association between delirium during the intensive care unit and subsequent neuropsychiatric disorders

From: Association between delirium in the intensive care unit and subsequent neuropsychiatric disorders

  Risk ratio (95% confidence interval)a
Outcome Crude Adjustedb
Any neuropsychiatric disorder 1.36 (1.20–1.54) 1.14 (0.98–1.33)
 Depressive 1.45 (1.20–1.74) 1.16 (0.92–1.45)
 Anxiety 1.31 (1.08–1.60) 1.16 (0.92–1.47)
 Trauma-and-stressor related 1.14 (0.79–1.63) 0.82 (0.53–1.28)
 Neurocognitive 2.19 (1.57–3.09) 1.59 (1.08–2.35)
  1. aReference group is “never” had ICU delirium
  2. bAdjusted for age, sex, ICU admission reason (medical, surgical, neurological, trauma), APACHE II score, Charlson Comorbidity score, Glasgow Coma Scale, transfer delay, ≥ 24 h, invasive mechanical ventilation (yes/no), continuous renal replacement therapy (yes/no), and vasoactive medications (yes/no), ≥ 20 ICU beds, teaching hospital (yes/no), ICU length of stay (categorized as < 7 days vs. ≥ 7 days), and last SOFA score