Skip to main content

Table 1 Participant characteristics for the chest physiotherapy (CPT) group and routine airway clearance group at baseline: mean (SD)

From: Chest physiotherapy improves regional lung volume in ventilated children

Characteristic CPT (n = 17) Routine airway clearance (n = 43) Sig (p value)
Age (months) 28.7 (49.3) 47.8 (55.8) 0.221
Weight (kg) 11.1 (11.4) 16.6 (14.2) 0.163
ETT size (mm) 4.2 (1.1) 4.5 (1.2) 0.328
Baseline FiO2 0.4 (0.1) 0.4 (0.1) 0.834
Baseline PaO2 (mmHg) 89.4 (30.2) 96.4 (29.6) 0.411
Baseline PaCO2 (mmHg) 58.7 (11.1) 48.6 (11.5) *0.003
Baseline P/F ratio 282.3 (165.9) 286.9 (109.6) 0.901
Baseline RR (breaths/min) 34.7 (17.5) 28.7 (11.2) 0.121
Baseline PEEP (cmH2O) 7.0 (2.4) 7.8 (2.2) 0.239
Baseline PIP (cmH2O) 21.1 (7.0) 21.2 (4.3) 0.932
Baseline MAP (cmH2O) 11.0 (3.6) 11.0 (3.0) 0.939
Cuffed ETT, n (%) 14 (92%) 38 (88%) 0.834
Ventilation mode, number (%)
 SIMV 16 (94%) 39 (91%) 0.424
 PCV 0 1 (2.3%)
 PSV 1 (6%) 2 (4.7%)
 CPAP 0 1 (2.3%)
Randomised groups, number (%)
 Control 7 (41%) 13 (30%)  
 Double PEEP recruitment 4 (24%) 16 (37%)  
 Stepwise recruitment 6 (35%) 14 (33%)  
Reason for intubation, number (%)
 Primary respiratory pathology# 10 (59%) 21 (49%) 0.226
 Secondary respiratory pathology^ 7 (41%) 22 (51%)
  1. Abbreviations: CPAP continuous positive airway pressure, ETT endotracheal tube, FiO2 fraction of inspired oxygen, MAP mean airway pressure, PaO2 partial pressure of arterial oxygen, PCV pressure-controlled ventilation, PEEP positive end-expiratory pressure, PIP peak inspiratory pressure, PSV pressure support ventilation, RR respiratory rate, SD standard deviation, SIMV synchronised intermittent mandatory ventilation
  2. #Primary respiratory pathology = bronchiolitis and pneumonia, asthma, influenza, immersion injury
  3. ^Secondary respiratory pathology = airway management, sepsis, seizure management, tick paralysis, gastrointestinal bleeding, trauma, neurological injury, Guillain-Barre syndrome, ingestion and renal failure
  4. *p < 0.05