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Table 1 Clinical characteristics of 150 bacterial CAP patients (non-survivors n = 75 vs. survivors n = 75) and in-hospital death cohort (n = 26)

From: Plasma lipid profiling for the prognosis of 90-day mortality, in-hospital mortality, ICU admission, and severity in bacterial community-acquired pneumonia (CAP)

Variables Survivors (n = 75) Non-survivors (n = 75) In-hospital death (n = 26)
Age years (mean ± SD) 78.6 ± 8.8 78 ± 8.7 76.7 ± 10.5
Male/female 31/44 31/44 7/19
Weight (mean ± SD) 158 ± 36.8 147.5 ± 42.3 145.63 ± 50.4
Hospital LOS 7.17 ± 4.1 9.85 ± 7.4 11.1 ± 11.4Ŧ
ICU LOS 0.76 ± 2.3 1.97 ± 3.3 3.9 ± 4Ŧ
APACHE III 60.4 ± 15.2 73.7 ± 20.6* 82.9 ± 24.4Ŧ
PSI (day 0) 77.2 ± 5.7 97.8 ± 51.7* 121 ± 46.9
PSI (day 1) 112.4 ± 31.4 134.5 ± 38.7* 157.8 ± 41.7Ŧ
PSI (day 1 no age) 38.2 ± 26.9 60 ± 38* 84.0 ± 41.0Ŧ
Mechanical ventilationa 4 (5.3) 20 (26.6)* 15 (57.6)Ŧ
Noninvasive ventilationa 5 (6.6) 12 (16)* 3 (11.5)
Comorbiditiesa
 Other respiratory diseases 25 (35) 33 (44) 9 (34)
 Neoplastic diseases 4 (5) 7 (9) 3 (11)
 Neurological diseases 10 (7) 17 (22)* 2 (8)
 Aids 0 (0) 1 (1.3) 1 (4)
 Sepsis 19 (32) 30 (47) 14 (53)Ŧ
 Liver disease 0 (0) 1 (1.6) 1 (4)
 CHF 19 (33) 15 (24) 6 (25)
 Cerebrovascular disease 10 (5) 10 (6)* 1 (4)
 Renal disease 3 (5.7) 7 (11) 3 (12)Ŧ
 Altered mental status 6 (10.5) 11 (18)* 8 (33)Ŧ
Smoker 50 (66) 51 (68) 19 (73)
Alcoholism 22 (29) 16 (21) 5 (19)
Pregnancy 21 (16) 10 (13) 1 (4)
Clinical manifestationa
 Lowest temperature (°C) 36.43 ± 0.58 36.46 ± 2.1 36.39 ± 2.5
 Highest temperature (°C) 37.20 ± 0.68 37.27 ± 0.88 37.15 ± 0.81
 Pulse ≥ 125/min 6 (8) 12 (16) 6 (23)
 BUN ≥ 30 mg/dl 12 (16) 27 (36)* 15 (57)Ŧ
 Respiratory rate/min 9 (15) 17 (27) 9 (34)Ŧ
 PO2 < 60 mm/Hg 21 (36) 24 (44) 13 (50)
 pH < 7.35 3 (4) 4 (6)* 4 (15)
 Lowest systolic BP (mm/Hg) 118 ± 19 116 ± 24 115 ± 21
 Highest systolic BP (mm/Hg) 146 ± 22 148 ± 25 149 ± 23
 Highest creatinine (mg/dl) 1.27 ± 0.79 1.92 ± 1.59 1.95 ± 1.52
  1. SD standard deviation, LOS length of stay, APACHE III Acute Physiology and Chronic Health Evaluation used as an ICU scoring system, PSI Pneumonia Severity Index, CHF Congestive Heart Failure. aData is no. (%) of subjects, unless otherwise indicated; *significant difference between non-survivors and survivors; Ŧsignificant difference between in-hospital death cases and survivors