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Table 3 Rescue strategies utilized in case of refractory respiratory failure

From: VENTILatOry strategies in patients with severe traumatic brain injury: the VENTILO Survey of the European Society of Intensive Care Medicine (ESICM)

Type of rescue strategy Respondents (n = 464)
- NMBAs 406 (88%)
- Recruitment manoeuvres 319 (69%)
- Prone position 292 (63%)
- Bronchoscopy 239 (52%)
- V-V ECMO 220 (47%)
- NO 115 (25%)
- Extracorporeal CO2 removal (DECAP®) 39 (8%)
- Prostacycline 38 (8%)
  1. Abbreviations: NMBAs neuromuscular blocking agents, V-V ECMO veno-venous extracorporeal membrane oxygenation, NO nitric oxide, CO2 carbon dioxide