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Table 1 Baseline characteristics of the overall population

From: VENTILatOry strategies in patients with severe traumatic brain injury: the VENTILO Survey of the European Society of Intensive Care Medicine (ESICM)

  Respondents (n = 687)
Gender
 Male 452 (66%)
 Female 235 (34%)
Age (years)
 < 35 115 (17%)
 35–45 282 (41%)
 45–65 249 (36%)
 > 65 41 (6%)
Specialty
 Intensive care medicine 328 (48%)
 Anesthesiology 206 (30%)
 Neurocritical care 61 (9%)
 Internal medicine 35 (5%)
 Others 57(8%)
Post-specialization experience in critical care (years)
 1–5 180 (26%)
 6–10 149 (22%)
 > 10 358 (52%)
Type of ICU
 Mixed general and neuroICU 278 (41%)
 General ICU 271 (39%)
 Specialized neuroICU 130 (19%)
 Others 8 (1%)
ICU beds
 < 5 111 (16%)
 6–10 196 (29%)
 11–15 133 (19%)
 > 15 247 (36%)
Affiliation
 University 501 (73%)
 Non-university 186 (27%)
Available bedside neuromonitoring
 ICP 546 (80%)
 PbtO2 149 (22%)
 NIRS 215 (31%)
 TCD 442 (64%)
 Cerebral microdialysis 50 (7%)
 Intermittent EEG 522 (76%)
 Continuous EEG 262 (38%)
 Pupillometer 85 (12%)
 SjVO2 209 (30%)
  1. Abbreviations: ICU intensive care unit, ICP intracranial pressure, PbtO2 brain tissue oxygen tension, NIRS near infrared spectroscopy, TCD transcranial Doppler, EEG electroencephalography, SjVO2 jugular venous oxygen saturation