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Table 3 Median (interquartile range) 1-year costs following admission of pediatric patients requiring extracorporeal membrane oxygenation in Ontario, Canada (2009–2017)

From: Long-term survival and costs following extracorporeal membrane oxygenation in critically ill children—a population-based cohort study

Cost sectorOverall (n = 342)Neonatal (n = 103)Cardiac failure (n = 169)Respiratory failure (n = 70)P value
Acute care sectors 
 Inpatient119,197 (57,839–250,675)117,885 (66,597–217,202)135,879 (61,181–289,533)96,762 (41,416–194,397)0.15
 Emergency department143 (0–807)0 (0–698)111 (0–806)475 (0–965)0.04
Continuing care sectors
 Complex continuing care0 (0–0)0 (0–0)0 (0–0)0 (0–0)0.60
 Long-term care0 (0–0)0 (0–0)0 (0–0)0 (0–0)1.00
 Rehabilitation0 (0–0)0 (0–0)0 (0–0)0 (0–0)1.00
 Homecare0 (0–1734)0 (0–1628)0 (0–1636)0 (0–2633)0.92
Outpatient care sectors
 Outpatient clinics758 (319–2307)722 (0–2287)780 (332–1946)737 (0–3510)0.84
 Laboratory (OHIP)0 (0–0)0 (0–0)0 (0–0)0 (0–0)0.07
 Drugs (Ontario Drug Benefit Program)0 (0–548)0 (0–224)0 (0–804)0 (0–1183)0.66
Physician billings18,970 (10,059–31,348)17,649 (12,106–24,460)21,529 (11,492–34,973)17,902 (7209–28,076)0.19
Total costs147,957 (70,571–300,295)141,423 (84,755–256,128)173,303 (81,888–328,018)147,957 (70,571–300,295)0.29
Total cost/survivor to discharge412,358365,393412,284484,328 
  1. All values in Canadian dollars. Abbreviations: SD standard deviation, OHIP Ontario Health Insurance Plan