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Table 1 Characteristics of included studies on acute kidney injury in burn patients

From: Acute kidney injury in burn patients admitted to the intensive care unit: a systematic review and meta-analysis

First author, publication year Population studieda Consecutive sampling AKI criteria Criteria adherence Study design Follow-up time AKIb N, AKI/total
Lopes JA, 2007 Adults, severe No RIFLE Original PCS 10 days n.a.
Coca SG, 2007 Adults, > 10% Yes RIFLE Modifiedc RCS Hospital 81/304
Steinvall I, 2008 Adults, > 20% Yes RIFLE Original PCS Hospital 31/127
Mariano F, 2008 Adults, severe No RIFLE Unknown PCS 19 days n.a.
Palimeri T, 2009 Children, > 10% Yes RIFLE Modifiedd RCS Hospital 56/123
Palimeri T, 2010 Adults, > 20% Yes RIFLE Original RCS Intensive 32/60
Mosier MJ, 2010 Adults, > 20% No RIFLE Modifiede RCS 24 h n.a.
Schneider DF, 2012 Adults, > 20% No RIFLE Modifiede RCS 48 h n.a.
Chung KK, 2012 Adults, unknown Yes AKIN Modifiedc RCS Hospital 656/1973
Hu JY, 2012 Adults, > 30% Yes RIFLE Original RCS Hospital 151/396
Stewart IJ, 2013 Adults, burn ICU No AKIN Modifiedc RCS Hospital n.a.
Hong DY, 2013 Adults, > 20% Yes RIFLE Original PCS Hospital 11/45
Yang HT, 2014 Adults, > 20% Yes RIFLE Modifiede PCS 5 days 31/66
Yavuz S, 2014 Children, > 10% No RIFLE Original PCS 48 h n.a.
Noshad H, 2014 Adults, unknown No RIFLE Unknown PCS Unknown n.a.
Howell E, 2015 Adults, > 20% No RIFLE Modifiede PCS 48 h n.a.
Sen S, 2015 Adults, > 20% No RIFLE Modifiedf PCS 7 days n.a.
Ren H, 2015 Adults,> 10% No KDIGO Modifiede,g PCS 48 h n.a.
Liang I, 2015 Adults, > 40% No RIFLE Modifiede PCS 2 days n.a.
Yim H, 2015 Adults, major Yes AKIN Original PCS 28 days 40/97
Kym D, 2015 Adults, > 20% Yes RIFLE Original PCS Intensive 48/85
Queiroz LF, 2016 Adults, burn ICU Yes KDIGO Modifiedc RCS Intensive 77/293
Rakkolainen I, 2016 Adults, > 15% Yes AKIN Modifiedc PCS Intensive 9/19
Sanches-Sanches M, 2016 Adults, > 15% No AKIN Original PCS Intensive n.a.
Kuo G, 2016 Adults, severe Yes KDIGO Modifiede RCS 3 days 52/145
Hundeshagen G, 2017 Mix, burn centre Yes KDIGO Modifiedc RCS 7 days 88/718
Kumar AB, 2017 Adults, > 20% No AKIN Modifiedc RCS 5 days n.a.
Kimmel LA, 2018 Adults, > 10% Yes RIFLE Modifiedc RCS Unknown 60/267
Chun W, 2018 Adults, > 20% Yes AKIN Original PCS 28 days 32/76
Depret F, 2018 Adults, > 20% Yes KDIGO Original PCS Hospital 55/87
Talizin TB, 2018 Adults, > 20% No KDIGO Modifiedc PCS 7 days n.a.
Kim HY, 2019 Adults, surgery No KDIGO Modifiedc RCS 7 days n.a.
Clark AT, 2019 Adults, burn ICU Yes KDIGO Modifiedc RCS Hospital 601/1040
  1. AKI acute kidney injury, N number, RIFLE Risk, Injury, Failure, Loss of kidney function, and End-stage kidney disease, AKIN Acute Kidney Injury Network, KDIGO Kidney Disease: Improving Global Outcomes, PCS prospective cohort study, RCS retrospective cohort study, ICU intensive care unit, n.a not applicable
  2. aNumbers are percent burn injury of Total Body Surface Area
  3. bNumbers are minimal follow-up time for AKI
  4. cStudy used only creatinine criteria and not urine output criteria
  5. dStudy used paediatric version of criteria
  6. eStudy used shorter follow-up time than the criteria
  7. fStudy only used injury and failure according to RIFLE criteria
  8. gStudy only used serum creatinine increase ≥ 26.5 μmol/L within 48 h