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Table 1 Baseline characteristics (n = 48)

From: Continual measurement of arterial dP/dtmax enables minimally invasive monitoring of left ventricular contractility in patients with acute heart failure

CharacteristicsValue
Male sex31 (65)
Age (years, mean ± SD)70.4 ± 8.1
Decompensated CHF31 (65)
De novo AHF17 (35)
Ischemic cardiomyopathy31 (65)
Dilated cardiomyopathy7 (15)
Acute myocardial infarction15 (31)
Severe mitral regurgitation19 (40)
Left ventricular ejection fraction (%, mean ± SD)28 ± 10
Mechanical ventilation17 (35)
Inotropes (dobutamine, milrinone)41 (85)
Vasopressors (norepinphrine, vasopressin)35 (73)
Heart rate (beats/min, mean ± SD)92.7 ± 11.7
Mean arterial pressure (mmHg, mean ± SD)74.0 ± 5.2
Cardiac output (L/min, mean ± SD)6.0 ± 1.2
Stroke volume (mL, mean ± SD)65.5 ± 10.1
Systemic vascular resistance (dyn·s/cm5, mean ± SD)891.5 ± 236.3
  1. Data presented as n (%) unless otherwise indicated. CHF chronic heart failure, AHF acute heart failure