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Table 1 Patient characteristics in each pattern

From: Left ventricular wall findings in non-electrocardiography-gated contrast-enhanced computed tomography after extracorporeal cardiopulmonary resuscitation

 All patients, n = 74HE, n = 19SD, n = 33TD, n = 11Other, n = 11p value
Age (years)*59 (48–65)54 (37–62)59 (53–64)54 (50–63)62 (49–69)0.23
Male, n (%)65 (88%)15 (79%)30 (91%)11 (100%)9 (82%)0.31
Witnessed collapse, n (%)65 (88%)17 (90%)27 (82%)11 (100%)10 (91%)0.43
Bystander CPR, n (%)40 (54%)8 (42%)20 (61%)6 (55%)6 (55%)0.65
Initial shockable rhythm, n (%)50 (68%)15 (79%)18 (55%)9 (82%)8 (73%)0.51
Time from collapse to initiation of ECMO flow (min)*45 (40–55)54 (49–61)44 (36–53)45 (42–46)45 (38–66)0.37
Lactate level at hospital arrival (mmol/L)*14.0 (10.7–16.0)14.0 (10.9–16.0)12.6 (8.9–16.0)14.0 (10.8–16.0)14.2 (11.6–15.8)0.89
Etiology of cardiac arrest     < 0.01
Acute coronary syndrome, n (%)43 (58%)1 (5%)31 (94%)6 (55%)5 (45%) 
Other cardiac etiologies, n (%)23 (31%)12 (63%)2 (6%)4 (36%)5 (45%) 
Non-cardiac etiologies, n (%)8 (11%)6 (32%)01 (9%)1 (9%) 
  1. HE homogeneously enhanced, SD segmental defect, TD total defect, CPR cardiopulmonary resuscitation, ECMO extracorporeal membrane oxygenation
  2. *Median (interquartile range)