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Table 1 Characteristics of patients with and without post-sepsis MI/stroke

From: Impact of post-sepsis cardiovascular complications on mortality in sepsis survivors: a population-based study

Characteristics Patients who developed MI/stroke, N = 591 Patients who did not develop MI/stroke, N = 31,423 P value
Demographics
 Male sex 374 (63.28%) 18,092 (57.58%) 0.0204
 Age 74.26 ± 12.45 66.11 ± 19.13 < .0001
Urbanization level, %
 Level 1: urban area 202 (34.18%) 12,058 (38.37%) 0.1386
 Level 2: metro area 156 (26.40%) 8082 (25.72%)
 Level 3: suburban area 159 (26.90%) 7409 (23.58%)
 Level 4: countryside area 74 (12.52%) 3874 (12.33%)
Insurance premium level, % (New Taiwan dollars)
 Dependent 89 (15.06%) 4443 (14.14%) 0.0044
 No/poverty income level ($1–$19,999) 306 (51.78%) 14,281 (45.45%)
 Middle income level ($20,000–$39,999) 158 (26.73%) 10,107 (32.17%)
 High income level (≥ $40,000) 38 (6.43%) 2592 (8.25%)
Preadmission comorbidity, %
 Myocardial infarction 41 (6.94%) 826 (2.63%) < .0001
 Congestive heart failure 126 (21.32%) 4691 (14.93%) < .0001
 Peripheral vascular disease 30 (5.08%) 1182 (3.76%) 0.0971
 Cerebrovascular disease 320 (54.15%) 7618 (24.24%) < .0001
 Dementia 77 (13.03%) 2818 (8.97%) 0.0006
 Chronic pulmonary disease 207 (35.03%) 9771 (31.1%) 0.0410
 Rheumatologic disease 10 (1.69%) 407 (1.3%) 0.3993
 Peptic ulcer disease 139 (23.52%) 7955 (25.32%) 0.3195
 Mild liver disease 66 (11.17%) 5950 (18.94%) < .0001
 Diabetes without chronic complications 236 (39.93%) 9013 (28.68%) < .0001
 Diabetes with chronic complications 91 (15.4%) 3263 (10.38%) < .0001
 Hemiplegia or paraplegia 44 (7.45%) 1198 (3.81%) < .0001
 Renal disease 82 (13.87%) 3930 (12.51%) 0.3196
 Any malignancy, including leukemia and lymphoma 46 (7.78%) 4822 (15.35%) < .0001
 Moderate or severe liver disease 8 (1.35%) 1047 (3.33%) 0.0076
 Metastatic solid tumor 7 (1.18%) 1300 (4.14%) 0.0003
 AIDS/HIV 2 (0.34%) 31 (0.1%) 0.0719
 Alcohol/drug use 8 (1.35%) 786 (2.5%) 0.0755
 Psychiatric disorder 112 (18.95%) 5341 (17%) 0.2106
 Neurologic disorder 82 (13.87%) 2612 (8.31%) < .0001
 Obesity 1 (0.17%) 94 (0.3%) 1.0000
 Bed-ridden status 45 (7.61%) 1226 (3.9%) < .0001
 Solid organ transplantation such as renal or heart transplantation 0 (0%) 45 (0.14%) 1.0000
Healthcare service utilization, %
 Number of OPD visits 30.96 ± 22.85 29.95 ± 22.79 0.2851
 Number of emergency department visits 1.06 ± 2.33 0.85 ± 2.02 0.0116
 Number of hospital admissions 1.45 ± 1.81 1.30 ± 1.88 0.0563
  1. Summary and comparison of the demographics and underlying comorbidities of the study cohort stratified by post-sepsis MI/stroke
  2. MI myocardial infarction, AIDS/HIV acquired immune deficiency syndrome/human immunodeficiency virus, OPD outpatient department