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Table 1 Baseline characteristics of the study population

From: Prognostic value of NT-proBNP levels in the acute phase of sepsis on lower long-term physical function and muscle strength in sepsis survivors

  Overall (n = 196) CCI (n = 74) RAP (n = 122)
Age, mean (SD) 59.1 (15.1) 61.5 (14.4) 57.7 (15.5)
Male, n (%) 105 (53.6) 46 (62.2) 59 (48.4)
Race, n (%)
 White Caucasian 178 (90.8) 68 (91.9) 110 (90.2)
 African American 15 (7.7) 5 (6.8) 10 (8.2)
 Asian 1 (0.5) 0 (0) 1 (0.8)
 Others 1 (0.5) 1 (1.4) 0 (0)
 Unknown 1 (0.5) 0 (0) 1 (0.8)
 BMI, median (IQR) 29 (24.8, 35.6) 29 (24.4, 36) 29.1 (24.9, 34.9)
Sepsis status, n (%)***
 Sepsis 60 (30.6) 11 (14.9) 49 (40.2)
 Severe sepsis 89 (45.4) 36 (48.6) 53 (43.4)
 Septic shock 47 (24) 27 (36.5) 20 (16.4)
 Charlson comorbidity index, mean (SD)** 3.4 (2.8) 4 (2.8) 3 (2.8)
 APACHE II score (24 h), mean (SD)*** 18 (8.1) 21.4 (7.9) 15.9 (7.4)
 CHF, n (%)* 22 (11.2) 13 (17.6) 9 (7.4)
 Admitted for trauma, n (%) 18 (9.2) 10 (13.5) 8 (6.6)
 NT-proBNP, ng/L, median (IQR)** 1209 (495, 4326) 2219 (707, 7585) 1084 (439, 2360)
 Inter-facility hospital transfer, n (%)** 86 (43.9) 43 (58.1) 43 (35.2)
 Hospital-acquired sepsisa, n (%)** 76 (38.8) 38 (51.4) 38 (31.1)
 ICU LOS, median (IQR)*** 8 (3.5, 19) 21 (16, 37) 5 (3, 8)
 Hospital LOS, median (IQR)*** 18 (10, 31) 31 (22, 47) 11.5 (7, 20)
Discharge disposition, n (%)
 “Good” disposition*** 109 (55.6) 13 (17.6) 96 (78.7)
  Home 34 (17.3) 1 (1.4) 33 (27)
  Home healthcare services 66 (33.7) 9 (12.2) 57 (46.7)
  Rehab 9 (4.6) 3 (4.1) 6 (4.9)
 “Poor” disposition*** 87 (44.4) 61 (82.4) 26 (21.3)
  Long-term acute care facility 32 (16.3) 31 (41.9) 1 (0.8)
  Skilled nursing facility 33 (16.8) 8 (10.8) 25 (20.5)
  Another Hospital 9 (4.6) 9 (12.2) 0 (0)
  Hospice 5 (2.6) 5 (6.8) 0 (0)
  Death 8 (4.1) 8 (10.8) 0 (0)
  1. CCI chronic critical illness, RAP rapid recovery, SD standard deviation, BMI body mass index, IQR interquartile range, APACHE Acute Physiology and Chronic Health Evaluation, CHF congestive heart failure, NT-proBNP N-terminal pro-brain natriuretic peptide, ICU intensive care unit, LOS length of stay
  2. *p < 0.05 between the two groups, **p < 0.01 between the two groups, ***p < 0.001 between the two groups
  3. aSepsis onset ≥ 48 h after hospital admission