Skip to main content

Table 3 Characteristics of low- and high-GLIMPSE patients

From: The association between nutritional adequacy and 28-day mortality in the critically ill is not modified by their baseline nutritional status and disease severity

Patient characteristics Low-GLIMPSE (n = 188) High-GLIMPSE (n = 252) p value
Age (years) 53.6 (16.0) 67.2 (12.8) < 0.001
Male 115 [61.2] 144 [57.1] 0.396
BMI (kg/m2) 25.5 (6.3) 24.9 (5.8) 0.262
Location before adm.    < 0.001
 ED/HD/OT 169 [89.9] 188 [74.6]  
 Wards 19 [10.1] 64 [25.4]  
Type of adm.    < 0.001
 Medical 104 [55.3] 189 [75.0]  
 Surgery 84 [44.7] 63 [25.0]  
Number of comorbidities 2.0 [1.0, 3.0] 3.0 [2.0, 4.0] < 0.001
LOS before ICU adm. (days) 0.0 [0.0. 1.0] 1.0 [0.0, 2.5] < 0.001
APACHE II 18.6 (5.2) 29.0 (6.9) < 0.001
SOFA 6.4 (3.0) 10.3 (3.4) < 0.001
mNUTRIC 3.4 (1.5) 6.7 (1.2) < 0.001
mNUTRIC ≥ 5 (high-mNUTRIC) 55 [29.3] 244 [96.8] < 0.001
Malnutrition 29 [15.4] 94 [37.3] < 0.001
Predicted mortality risk 9.7 (5.0) 41.6 (19.5) < 0.001
Admission reasons    < 0.001
 Cardiovascular 22 [11.7] 60 [23.8]  
 Respiratory 39 [20.7] 45 [17.9]  
 Sepsis 26 [13.8] 79 [31.4]  
 Trauma 11 [5.9] 1 [0.4]  
 Metabolic/renal 3 [1.6] 5 [2.0]  
 Gastrointestinal 15 [8.0] 27 [10.7]  
 Postoperation 9 [4.8] 4 [1.6]  
 Orthopaedics 3 [1.6] 4 [1.6]  
 Neurological 60 [31.9] 27 [10.7]  
CPR before ICU adm. 1 [0.5] 52 [20.6] < 0.001
Length of MV (days) 2.0 [1.0, 4.0] 2.0 [1.0, 5.0] 0.039
ICU LOS (days) 2.0 [2.0, 5.0] 3.0 [2.0, 5.0] 0.381
Hospital LOS (days) 13.5 [7.0, 27.0] 14.0 [7.0, 24.0] 0.953
  1. Values are mean (standard deviation), median [Q1, Q3], or count [percentage]
  2. Adm. admission, APACHE II Acute Physiology and Chronic Health Evaluation II, BMI body mass index, CPR cardiopulmonary resuscitation, ED emergency department, ENS exclusive nutritional support, HD high dependency, ICU intensive care unit, LOS length of stay, MV mechanical ventilation, mNUTRIC Modified Nutrition Risk in Critically Ill, OT operation theatre, SOFA Sequential Organ Failure Assessment