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Table 1 Characteristics of patients at baseline

From: The effect of adhesive tape versus endotracheal tube fastener in critically ill adults: the endotracheal tube securement (ETTS) randomized controlled trial

Characteristic Tube fastener (n = 153) Adhesive tape (n = 145) p value
Age (years) 53.2 ± 16.4 58.5 ± 16.1 0.01
Male sex—no. (%) 77 (50.3) 79 (54.5) 0.47
Race—no. (%)
 Caucasian 122 (79.7) 111 (76.5) 0.89
 Black 19 (12.4) 23 (15.8)  
Height (cm) 169.6 ± 11.0 168.7 ± 12.0 0.51
Weight (kg) 86.7 ± 29.6 87.1 ± 31.2 0.91
BMI 30.3 ± 10.7 30.8 ± 11.1 0.69
APACHE II 26.0 ± 8.9 27.4 ± 8.7 0.16
Indication for intubation—no. (%)
Respiratory failure 70 (45.7) 77 (53.1) 0.52
 Altered mental status 36 (23.5) 31 (21.3)  
 Airway patency 45 (29.8) 35 (24.1)  
 Shock 2 (1.4) 2 (1.4)  
ETT depth at the lip (mean ± std. deviation) 22.7 ± 1.1 22.8 ± 1.2 0.740
Comorbidities complicating intubation
 Upper gastrointestinal bleed—no. (%) 2 1 0.59
 Spinal cord injury—no. (%) 0 1 0.30
 Vomiting—no. (%) 3 2 0.70