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Table 1 Baseline characteristics

From: Enteral versus intravenous approach for the sedation of critically ill patients: a randomized and controlled trial

  Group IV
(N = 165)
Group EN
(N = 174)
Age, median [IQR], yearsa 71 [62–77] 73 [62–78]
Mena 107 (64.8) 109 (62.6)
BMI, median [IQR] 25.9 [23.7–29.4] 26.1 [23.4–29.4]
Severe sepsis or septic shocka 48 (29.1) 64 (36.8)
SAPS II score, median [IQR]a, b 45 [38–55] 46 [38–54]
SOFA score, median [IQR] c 8 [5–10] 7 [5–10]
Type of admissiona, d
 Medical 110 (66.7) 114 (65.5)
 Surgical/traumatic 55 (33.3) 60 (34.5)
Admission from
 Emergency room 55 (33.3) 61 (37.0)
 Ward 55 (33.3) 59 (35.8)
 Operating theatre 39 (23.6) 34 (20.6)
 Other ICU 16 (9.7) 20 (12.1)
Reason for ICU admissione
 Respiratory failure 97 (58.8) 101 (58.0)
 Cardiac failure 38 (23.0) 40 (23.0)
 Neurologic failure 11 (6.7) 12 (6.9)
 Monitoring 6 (3.6) 9 (5.2)
 Other 13 (7.9) 12 (6.9)
Acute or chronic kidney failurea 30 (18.2) 43 (24.7)
Moderate to severe COPDa 50 (30.3) 53 (30.5)
  1. Abbreviations: EN enteral, IV intravenous, BMI body mass index, IQR interquartile range, SAPS Simplified Acute Physiology Score, SOFA Sequential Organ Failure Assessment, COPD chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, ICU Intensive Care Units
  2. aCharacteristics used by the minimization algorithm for the group assignment
  3. bSAPS II may range from 0 to 163 points, with higher scores indicating more severe diseases
  4. cSOFA score may range from 0 to 24 points, with higher scores indicating more severe diseases
  5. dSurgical/trauma refers to admission from an operating room or postoperative recovery area
  6. eMain reasons for admission are mutually exclusive