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Table 2 Continuous infusion of sedatives and opioids (n = 485)

From: Validation of the SOS-PD scale for assessment of pediatric delirium: a multicenter study

Continuous infusion of sedatives and opioids administered Patients without confirmed delirium (n = 437)
Number (%)
Patients with confirmed delirium (n = 48)
Number (%)
P value
Sedatives received    
 - Benzodiazepines (midazolam, lorazepam) 226 (51.7) 46 (95.8) <0.001
Opioids received    
 - Morphine 233 (53.3) 45 (93.8) <0.001
Number of different sedative classes receiveda
 - 0 178 (41.0) 2 (4.2) <0.001
 - 1 54 (12.5) 1 (2.1)
 - 2 129 (29.7) 22 (45.8)
 - 3 or more 75 (16.8) 23 (47.9)  
Median (IQR) 1 (0–2) 2 (2–4) <0.001
  1. *Median (IQR)
  2. aDifferent sedative classes include opioids, benzodiazepines, α2-adrenergic agonists, propofol, barbiturates, ketamine, and chloral hydrate