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Table 3 Number of positive findings of bacteria and fungi species at inclusion and in subsequent samples

From: Can probiotics be an alternative to chlorhexidine for oral care in the mechanically ventilated patient? A multicentre, prospective, randomised controlled open trial

Species Oropharyngeal samples Tracheal secretions
Inclusion Subsequent Inclusion Subsequent
Lp C Lp C Lp C Lp C
1. Haemophilus influenzae 4 1 1 1 4 7 3 1
2. Moraxella catarrhalis 2 0 0 1 2 3 1 0
3. Beta-Streptococcus group G 1 0 1 0 0 0 0 0
4. Streptococcus pneumoniae 1 1 1 0 2 2 4 0
5. Streptococcus pyogenes 1 1 0 0 1 1 0 0
 1–5. Airway bacteria 9 3 3 1 9 13 8 1
6. Staphylococcus aureusa 8 8 8 5 8 6 7 2
7. Coagulase-negative Staphylococci 0 0 2 0 0 0 0 0
8. Aeromonas hydrophila 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1
9. Chryseobacterium indologenes 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 1
10. Citrobacter Koseri 0 1 0 1 0 0 0 1
11. Citrobacter freundii 1 0 1 0 0 0 1 0
12. Citrobacter sp. 0 0 1 0 0 0 1 0
13. Escherichia coli 4 6 2 3 4 4 1 2
14. Enterobacter aerogenes 3 3 1 0 0 1 2 1
15. Enterococcus faecalis 1 3 8 8 0 3 2 6
16. Enterococcus faecium 6 1 7 5 2 0 4 4
17. Enterobacter cloacae 2 2 2 4 2 2 1 2
18. Hafnia alvei 1 0 1 4 0 0 1 0
19. Klebsiella oxytoca 0 3 2 1 0 6 2 1
20. Klebsiella pneumoniae 0 3 4 1 0 3 4 1
21. Morganella morgani 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0
22. Proteus mirabilis 0 1 3 1 1 1 0 1
23. Proteus vulgaris 0 0 1 1 0 1 1 1
24. Pseudomonas aeruginosa 0 2 2 3 2 3 0 2
25. Pseudomonas sp. 0 0 1 1 0 1 2 0
26. Serratia marcescens 2 1 1 0 0 0 3 0
27. Serratia sp. 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0
28. Stenotroph. maltophilia 2 0 4 7 1 1 3 2
29. Streptococcus agalactiae 2 2 1 0 0 1 0 1
30. Streptococcus dysgalactiae 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0
31. Anaerobic mixed flora 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0
 7–31. Enteric bacteria 24 28 43 42 14 27 28 27
32. Candida albicans 12 16 17 20 9 14 12 14
33. Candida dubliniensis 0 0 1 0 1 0 1 0
34. Candida glabrata 0 0 2 3 1 0 1 2
35. Candida guilliermondii 0 0 1 1 0 0 0 0
36. Candida parapsilosis 0 0 2 0 0 0 1 0
37. Candida tropicalis 0 0 1 0 0 1 1 0
38. Aspergillus fumigatus 1 0 0 0 1 1 0 1
 32–38. Fungi 13 16 24 24 12 16 16 17
  1. Number of positive findings of bacteria species at inclusion and in subsequent samples. Only the first sample in which a species was identified is included in the presented data. No significant differences were found between the two treatment groups
  2. Lp patients treated with Lactobacillus plantarum 299, C control patients treated with chlorhexidine
  3. aNo methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus was found among isolated S. aureus strains