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Table 2 Number of patients with findings of emerging microorganisms

From: Can probiotics be an alternative to chlorhexidine for oral care in the mechanically ventilated patient? A multicentre, prospective, randomised controlled open trial

Microorganism Pilot study (n = 50) Second part (n =100) All patients (n =150)
Lp C Lp C Lp (G+)a C (G+)a
Airway bacteria       
  Oropharyngeal samples 1 0 1 1 2 (1) 2 (0)
Tracheal secretions 1 0 4 1 4 (2) 1 (0)
Staphylococci       
  Oropharyngeal samples 1 0 6 6 7 (7) 4 (4)
Tracheal secretions 1 0 7 1 8 (8) 2 (2)
Enteric bacteria       
  Oropharyngeal samples 8 13 22 16 31 (0) 29 (1)
Tracheal secretions 4 8 15 9 19 (1) 17 (1)
Fungi       
  Oropharyngeal samples 6 8 8 14 14 (NA) 22 (NA)
Tracheal secretions 6 3 9 11 15 (NA) 14 (NA)
  1. Number of patients in whom new emerging bacteria or fungi were identified in oropharyngeal and tracheal secretions cultures. Two study parts and combined material separated
  2. Lp patients treated with Lactobacillus plantarum 299, C control patients treated with chlorhexidine, NA not available
  3. aNumber of patients with Gram-positive bacteria (G+) in respective groups presented in parentheses