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Table 1 Patient characteristics and admission diagnosis

From: Can probiotics be an alternative to chlorhexidine for oral care in the mechanically ventilated patient? A multicentre, prospective, randomised controlled open trial

  Lp299 group Control group
Characteristic
 Age 66 (57–76) 65.5 (53.75–75)
 Sex, male/female 40/29 36/32
 APACHE II score 22 (18–27) 24 (18.75–28)
 SAPS 3a 64.5 (54–75) 64.0 (54.5–76.5)
 ICU mortality (n) 10 11
 Additional in-hospital mortality (n) 14 12
 ICU stay (days) 7.67 (3.58–11.54) 6.59 (3.24–9.82)
 Ventilator days (invasive) 4.79 (0.38–24.52) 4.23 (0.75–22)
Diagnosis at ICU admission (n)
 Sepsis, bacteraemia, septic shock, meningitis 19 15
 Cardiac arrest and cardiac failure 20 20
 Respiratory insufficiency 6 11
 Abdominal condition 8 9
 Vascular condition 2 4
 Trauma 5 2
 Other 9 7
  1. Data presented as median (first–third quartiles) except for sex, death rates and diagnoses. Differences are not significant
  2. APACHE Acute Pathophysiology and Chronic Health Evaluation, ICU intensive care unit, Lp299 Lactobacillus plantarum 299, SAPS Simplified Acute Physiology Score
  3. aOnly for the later 100 patients