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Table 1 Subject characteristics at baseline

From: Very high intact-protein formula successfully provides protein intake according to nutritional recommendations in overweight critically ill patients: a double-blind randomized trial

  SHPF group
(n = 22)
VHPF group
(n = 22)
Sex, male, n (%) 13 (59.1%) 9 (40.9%)
Age, yr, mean (SD) 60.8 (15.2) 63.9 (13.3)
Body weight, kg, mean (SD) 91.2 (20.7) 84.9 (18.3)
BMI, kg/m2, mean (SD) 30.7 (8.4) 30.3 (4.1)
Admission diagnosis, n (%)
 Medical 9 (40.9%) 8 (36.4%)
 Surgical 10 (45.5%) 11 (50.0%)
 Surgical nontraumaa 4 (18.2%) 4 (18.2%)
 Surgical trauma 6 (27.3%) 7 (31.8%)
 Trauma 9 (40.9%) 10 (45.5%)
 Trauma nonsurgical 3 (13.6%) 3 (13.6%)
SOFA score, median [IQR] 9 [7–11] 10 [9–11]
APACHE II score, median [IQR] 24 [18–27] 25 [21–28]
Predicted mortality, %, mean (SD) 48.4 (18.7) 52. 6 (17.7)
Adjusted predicted mortality, %, mean (SD) 38.7 (19.8) 42.7 (20.3)
  1. Abbreviations: BMI Body mass index, SOFA Sequential Organ Failure Assessment, APACHE II Acute Physiology and Chronic Health Evaluation II, SHPF Standard high protein formula, VHPF Very high protein formula
  2. aSurgical trauma patients were included in both the surgical and trauma subgroups of patients