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Table 4 Multivariable analysis of the association between reaching caloric and protein targets on day –1 and selected patient and hospital characteristics

From: Current clinical nutrition practices in critically ill patients in Latin America: a multinational observational study

Outcome Variable OR (95% CI) p valuea
Caloric target reachedb Sex
Male
Female 1.39 (1.07, 1.82) 0.015
Prescribed nutrition therapy
EN alone
PN alone 1.30 (0.83, 2.04) 0.254
EN plus PN 1.64 (1.04, 2.57) 0.032
SGA score
A (well nourished)
B (moderately malnourished) 1.40 (1.03, 1.91) 0.034
C (severely malnourished) 0.92 (0.62, 1.36) 0.686
SOFA score
<6
6 to <10 1.25 (0.93, 1.67) 0.138
≥10 1.85 (1.29, 2.65) <0.001
BMI, kg/m2
<18.5 2.07 (1.15, 3.74) 0.015
18.5 to <20 1.58 (0.86, 2.92) 0.141
20 to <22 1.02 (0.74, 1.69) 0.595
22 to <30
≥30 0.61 (0.43, 0.87) 0.006
Protein target reachedb Duration of ICU stay before day -1
0–5 days
6–9 days 1.31 (0.88, 1.94) 0.181
≥10 days 1.77 (1.30, 2.41) <0.001
Prescribed nutrition therapy
EN alone
PN alone 1.79 (1.14, 2.81) 0.011
EN plus PN 1.43 (0.92, 2.23) 0.110
SGA score
A (well nourished)
B (moderately malnourished) 1.54 (1.12, 2.12) 0.008
C (severely malnourished) 0.88 (0.59, 1.32) 0.547
BMI, kg/m2
<18.5 1.59 (0.91, 2.78) 0.102
18.5 to <20 1.76 (0.97, 3.09) 0.064
20 to <22 1.21 (0.80, 1.82) 0.373
22 to <30
≥30 0.45 (0.31, 0.64) <0.001
Both caloric and protein target reachedb Duration of ICU stay before day -1
0–5 days
6–9 days 1.38 (0.94, 2.03) 0.103
≥10 days 1.69 (1.25, 2.29) <0.001
Prescribed nutrition therapy
EN alone
PN alone 1.39 (0.91, 2.13) 0.132
EN plus PN 1.56 (1.02, 2.39) 0.038
BMI, kg/m2
<18.5 1.58 (0.94, 2.67) 0.084
18.5 to <20 1.56 (0.89, 2.73) 0.120
20 to <22 1.20 (0.81, 1.77) 0.373
22 to <30
≥30 0.49 (0.34, 0.70) <0.001
  1. Abbreviations: BMI body mass index, CI confidence interval, EN enteral nutrition, OR odds ratio, PN parenteral nutrition, SGA Subjective Global Assessment, SOFA Sequential Organ Failure Assessment
  2. aWald test
  3. b > 90% of daily target