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Table 2 Patient characteristics

From: Current clinical nutrition practices in critically ill patients in Latin America: a multinational observational study

Characteristic Total (N = 1053)
Age, years
 Mean (SD) 58.6 (19.0)
 Median (range) 61.0 (18.0–99.0)
Sex, n (%)
 Male 602 (57.2)
 Female 451 (42.8)
Height, cm
 Mean (SD) 163.3 (9.6)
 Median (range) 170.0 (135.0–196.0)
Mean weight, kg (SD)
 Screening Day
  Mean (SD) 68.8 (17.6)
  Median (range) 66.0 (30.0–195.0)
 Admissiona
  Mean (SD) 71.2 (18.8)
  Median (range) 70.0 (30.0–240.0)
Mean BMI, kg/m2 (SD) 25.8 (6.1)
 Age <70 years 25.6 (6.4)
 Age ≥70 years 26.0 (5.6)
BMI, n (%)
 <18.5 kg/m2 69 (6.6)
 18.5 to <20 kg/m2 57 (5.4)
 20 to <22 kg/m2 131 (12.4)
 22 to <30 kg/m2 609 (57.8)
 ≥30 kg/m2 187 (17.8)
Type of nutrition, n (%)
 Enteral nutrition only 841 (79.9)
 Parenteral nutrition only 99 (9.4)
 Both parenteral and enteral nutrition 113 (10.7)
Primary reason for ICU admission, n (%)b
 Respiratory 315 (30.0)
 Neurologic 234 (22.3)
 Sepsis 210 (20.0)
 Trauma 102 (9.7)
 Abdominal 95 (9.0)
 Other 86 (8.2)
 Not available 8 (0.8)
Time since ICU admission, daysb
 Mean (SD) 27.6 (62.2)
 Median (range) 10.0 (0–465.0)
Duration of ICU stay on Screening Day, n (%)b
 0–5 days 301 (28.7)
 6–9 days 192 (18.3)
 ≥10 days 557 (53.0)
Comorbid conditions, n (%)c
 0 137 (14.2)
 1–5 795 (82.2)
  ≥ 5 35 (3.6)
APACHE II score, n (%)
 <15 389 (36.9)
 15 to <20 266 (25.3)
 20 to <28 282 (26.8)
 ≥28 116 (11.0)
SOFA score, n (%)
 <6 482 (45.8)
 6 to <10 369 (35.0)
 ≥10 202 (19.2)
 Requirement for invasive respiratory support, n (%) 799 (75.9)
  1. Abbreviations: APACHE Acute Physiology and Chronic Health Evaluation, BMI body mass index, ICU intensive care unit, SD standard deviation, SOFA Sequential Organ Failure Assessment
  2. aN = 896
  3. bN = 1050
  4. cN = 967