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Table 3 Studies on patients with acute, massive, high-risk PE on VA-ECMO support included in the systematic review

From: Life-threatening massive pulmonary embolism rescued by venoarterial-extracorporeal membrane oxygenation

Reference Inclusion dates Patients, n Pre-ECMO Fibrinolytic therapy (%) Mechanical PE removal on ECMO (n patients) VA-ECMO-related complications (n patients) Survival (%)
Cardiac arrest (%) Mechanical PE removal (n patients)
Kawahito et al. [35] 1994–1998 7 71 0 100 3 surgical pulmonary embolectomies 0 57
Maggio et al. [4] 1992–2005 21a 38 6 suction and 2 surgical pulmonary embolectomies 29 1 suction and 2 surgical pulmonary embolectomies 4 catastrophic neurological events; 1 dislodged arterial cannula 62
Sakuma et al. [36] 1983–2006 7 NR 0 86 1 suction and 1 surgical pulmonary embolectomies NR 57
Malekan et al. [5] 2005–2011 4 NR 0 0 1 suction pulmonary embolectomy None 100
Munakata et al. [30] 1992–2008 10 90 2 suction pulmonary embolectomies 100 7 suction pulmonary embolectomies 2 major bleeding 70
Omar et al. [37] 2007–2011 4 50 1 suction and 2 surgical pulmonary embolectomies 25 None NR 25
Maj et al. [38] NR 6 100 None 66 1 surgical pulmonary embolectomy 3 major bleeding 33
Swol et al. [39] 2008–2014 5 100 None 60 1 surgical pulmonary embolectomy 1 major bleeding 40
Cho et al. [40] 2000–2013 13 NR None 15 11 surgical pulmonary embolectomies NR NR
This study 2006–2015 17 88 1 suction and 1 surgical pulmonary embolectomies 47 1 suction and 1 surgical pulmonary embolectomies 15 major bleeding 47b
  1. PE pulmonary embolism, VA-ECMO venoarterial-extracorporeal membrane oxygenation, NR not reported
  2. aNineteen of the 21 patients were cannulated for VA-ECMO and two were placed on venovenous-ECMO
  3. bReported at 90 days