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Table 1 Patient characteristics

From: Intestinal T lymphocyte homing is associated with gastric emptying and epithelial barrier function in critically ill: a prospective observational study

  Delayed gastric emptying
(n = 35)
Normal gastric emptying
(n = 15)
Demographics
 Age (years) 58.4 ± 15.2 62.1 ± 11.4
 Gender (male/female), n 17/18 8/7
 Body mass index (kg/m2) 27.6 ± 7.3 27.3 ± 6.2
Admission diagnosis, n (%)   
 Sepsis 13 (37) 7 (47)
 Acute respiratory failure 12 (34) 5 (33)
 Cardiac failure 10 (29) 3 (20)
Underlying condition   
 Hematologic malignancies, n (%) 17 (49) 7 (47)
➢ Acute myeloid leukemia 11 (64) 4 (58)
➢ Lymphoma (B cell) 2 (12) 1 (14)
➢ Myelodysplasia 2 (12) 1 (14)
➢ Myeloproliferative disease 1 (6) 1 (14)
➢ Multiple myeloma 1 (6) 0
 Solid tumors 5 (14) 4 (26)
 HSCT 4 (11) 1 (7)
 Cardiac ischemia 6 (17) 2 (13)
 Solid organ transplant 3 (9) 1 (7)
Renal function, n (%)   
 Failure 16 (46) 6 (40)
 Renal replacement therapy 9 (26) 5 (33)
Biochemistry
 Serum bilirubin level (mg/dl) 1.4 ± 1.8 0.9 ± 0.7
 White blood cell count (/nl) 8.8 ± 6.4 10.8 ± 7.1
 Serum creatinine (mg/dl) 1.2 ± 1.4 0.9 ± 1.1
Glycemic control
 Blood glucose level (mg/dl) 124.0 ± 39.0 143.3 ± 24.1
 Insulin (IE/h) 2.6 ± 5.3 1.8 ± 2.2
Medications, n (%)   
 Sufentanil 35 (100) 15 (100)
 Midazolam 26 (74) 11 (73)
 Propofol 9 (26) 4 (27)
 Vasoactive drugs 23 (66) 12 (80)
 Inotropes 10 (29) 5 (33)
Mechanical ventilation
 Pao2/Fio2 ratio 213.2 ± 76.4 229.1 ± 96.2
 Peak inspiratory pressure (mmHg) 22.6 ± 4.9 23.3 ± 3.2
 Positive end-expiratory pressure (mmHg) 7.8 ± 2.9 7.7 ± 2.8
ICU length of stay (days) 33.8 ± 30.1 24.7 ± 18.1
  1. Results are presented as mean ± SD or number (percentage). HSCT allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation, Pao2/Fio2 partial arterial oxygen pressure/fraction of inspired oxygen