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Table 3 Data extraction from primary source information

From: Pre-hospital management of mass casualty civilian shootings: a systematic literature review

Year of shooting Author Mass shooting Manuscript Use of TEMS Scene safety concerns for EMS and delay of treatment Triage identified as an area for improvement or concern Type of triage tool used Support for triage performed by experienced practitioners Disaster preparedness training important Communication improvement
2015 Tourtier et al. Charlie Hebdo Commentary N - - - - - -
2015 Hirsch et al. Paris attacks Case report N Y - - Y Y -
2015 Phillipe et al. Paris attacks Case report N - - - - Y Y
2015 Lawrence et al. Paris attacks Commentary Y Y N FTS Y - -
2014 Levy et al. Columbia Mall Commentary Y Y - - - - -
2014 Strommen et al. Fort Hood Base 2 Case report N - Y SMART _ Y Y
2013 Wachira et al. Westgate Shopping Centre Case report N Y Y - - Y -
2012 Johnson et al. Dark Knight Cinema Commentary N Y - - - Y Y
2012 Koehler et al. Dark Knight cinema Case report N - - - - Y Y
2012 Autrey et al. Minneapolis Work Place Case report Y N - - - Y N
2011 Sollid et al. Utoya Island Case report N Y Y - Y Y Y
2011 Waage et al. Utoya Island Case report N - Y - - - Y
2011 Barr et al. Tuscon Commentary - - - - - - -
2010 Chesterman et al. Cumbria Judicial report Y Y N - - Y Y
2009 Wild et al. Fort Hood Base 1 Case report N Y Y LTP - - Y
2008 Roy et al. Mumbai Case report N Y N - - - -
2007 Kaplowitz et al. Virginia Tech Case report - - Y START - Y Y
2007 Timothy et al. Virginia Tech Case report Y Y - START   Y Y
2006 Ressel R et al. West Nickles Mines Case report - - - - - - -
1999 Mell H et al. Columbine School Case report N Y Y - - Y Y
1996 Cullen, et al. Dunblane School Judicial report N - N - - Y y
1994 Beyersdorf, et al. Fair Child Base Case report N Y Y P Y Y Y
Number of supporting manuscripts   5 12 8   4 14 13
  1. TEMS Tactical Emergency Medical Service, EMS Emergency Medical Service, Y yes, N no, - Not addressed in the report, S simple triage and rapid treatment (START), P physiological, LTL local triage protocol, FTS Field Triage Score