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Table 4 Risk factors for complicated course in patients with severe CAP: multivariate analysis exploring the 91 patients with either bacterial or mixed viral-bacterial infection

From: Viral-bacterial coinfection affects the presentation and alters the prognosis of severe community-acquired pneumonia

Variables OR 95 % CI p value
Microbiological diagnosis    
 Bacterial pneumonia Ref  
 Mixed pneumonia 3.56 1.24–10.18 0.02
Coronary artery disease 2.59 0.60–11.19 0.20
Shock on ICU admission 5.63 1.53–20.73 0.009
Lactate dehydrogenase > 245 U/L 5.16 1.49–17.90 0.01
PSI class IV-V at hospital referral 2.69 0.76–9.51 0.13
  1. CAP community-acquired pneumonia, ICU intensive care unit, Ref reference, OR odds ratio, PSI Pneumonia Severity Index, 95 % CI 95 % confidence interval