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Table 2 Patient outcomes

From: Nurse-performed screening for postextubation dysphagia: a retrospective cohort study in critically ill medical patients

Outcomes Phase I (n = 281) Phase II (n = 187) Univariate P value Multivariate ratioa,b (95 % CI) Multivariate P valuea
Oral feeding on ICU discharge, n (%) 173 (61.6) 144 (77.0) 0.001* 2.11 (1.37–3.25) 0.001*
Pneumonia postextubation, n (%) 45 (16.1) 15 (8.0) 0.011* 0.41 (0.22–0.77) 0.006*
Reintubation, n (%) 11 (3.9) 13 (7.0) 0.198 1.65 (0.71–3.87) 0.246
Readmission to ICU, n (%) 15 (5.3) 19 (10.2) 0.068 1.72 (0.83–3.55) 0.145
ICU mortality, n (%) 3 (1.1) 4 (2.1) 0.445 2.16 (0.47–9.91) 0.320
Hospital mortality, n (%) 19 (6.8) 13 (7.0) 1.000 0.87 (0.41–1.86) 0.726
ICU LOS, days, median (IQR) 6 (4–8) 6 (4–9) 0.170 1.07 (0.95–1.21) 0.247
Hospital LOS, days, median (IQR) 16 (9–27) 14 (9–22) 0.170 0.87 (0.75–1.00) 0.058
  1. Abbreviations: ICU Intensive care unit, IQR Interquartile range, LOS Length of stay
  2. * P < 0.05
  3. a Adjusted for Acute Physiology and Chronic Health Evaluation II score, congestive heart failure (as a comorbidity), and bronchiectasis (as a comorbidity) using logistic regression (for dichotomous outcomes) and using multiple linear regression (for log-transformed LOS)
  4. b Odds ratio for logistic regression (for dichotomous outcomes) and exponentiated ratio for multiple linear regression (for log-transformed LOS)