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Table 1 Patient characteristics

From: Nurse-performed screening for postextubation dysphagia: a retrospective cohort study in critically ill medical patients

Characteristics All patients (n = 468) Phase I (n = 281) Phase II (n = 187) P value
Age, years 60.4 ± 16.2 59.7 ± 17.7 61.4 ± 13.5 0.255
Female sex, n (%) 172 (36.8) 103 (36.7) 69 (36.9) 1.000
APACHE II score 26.1 ± 8.3 25.4 ± 8.2 27.2 ± 8.2 0.018*
Weight, kg 63.7 ± 17.8 63.7 ± 17.8 63.6 ± 18.0 0.946
Ventilated days preextubation, median (IQR) 2 (1–4) 2 (1–4) 3 (1–5) 0.509
Main diagnosis, n (%)     0.085
 Pneumonia 130 (27.8) 67 (23.8) 63 (33.7)  
 Nonpneumonia sepsis 72 (15.4) 45 (16.0) 27 (14.4)
 COPD 16 (3.4) 7 (2.5) 9 (4.8)
 Asthma 29 (6.2) 16 (5.7) 13 (7.0)
 Fluid overload 32 (6.8) 21 (7.5) 11 (5.8)
 Stroke 11 (2.4) 10 (3.6) 1 (0.5)
 Seizure 30 (6.4) 19 (6.8) 11 (5.9)
 Othera 148 (31.6) 96 (34.2) 52 (27.8)
Comorbidity, n (%)
 Diabetes mellitus 184 (39.4) 100 (35.7) 84 (44.9) 0.053
 Hypertension 255 (54.6) 151 (53.9) 104 (55.6) 0.776
 IHD 111 (23.8) 60 (21.4) 51 (27.3) 0.151
 CHF 38 (8.1) 14 (5.0) 24 (12.8) 0.003*
 Asthma 66 (14.1) 37 (13.2) 29 (15.5) 0.500
 COPD 30 (6.4) 14 (5.0) 16 (8.6) 0.129
 Bronchiectasis 8 (1.7) 1 (0.4) 7 (3.7) 0.008*
 OSA 23 (4.9) 12 (4.3) 11 (5.9) 0.514
 CKD 107 (23.0) 59 (21.2) 48 (25.7) 0.263
 CLD 26 (5.6) 18 (6.4) 8 (4.3) 0.411
 Stroke 59 (12.7) 40 (14.3) 19 (10.2) 0.204
 Cancer 34 (12.1) 24 (12.8) 24 (12.8) 0.886
  1. Abbreviations: APACHE Acute Physiology and Chronic Health Evaluation, CHF Chronic heart failure, CKD Chronic kidney disease, COPD Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, CLD Chronic liver disease, IHD Ischemic heart disease, IQR Interquartile range, OSA Obstructive sleep apnea
  2. * P < 0.05
  3. a Including hyperglycemic crises, drug overdose, fulminant hepatic failure, major trauma, neuromuscular dysfunction