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Table 4 Comparison of patients with and without atrial fibrillation (AF) or flutter

From: Dexmedetomidine sedation reduces atrial fibrillation after cardiac surgery compared to propofol: a randomized controlled trial

Characteristics Patients with AF (n = 22) Patients without AF (n = 66) P value
Age, years 62.5 (57.8–68.3) 52.0 (45.5–61.0) <0.001
Female gender, n (%) 16 (72.7) 37 (56.1) 0.212
Body mass index, kg/m2 23.4 (20.9–27.1) 22.2 (19.8–24.0) 0.124
Cardiopulmonary bypass time, minutes 74.7 (61.0–96.0) 68.8 (55.2–85.1) 0.527
Cross-clamp time, minutes 48.5 (40.6–64.1) 48.2 (33.8–64.6) 0.643
Intubation time, h 21.2 (16.6–22.8) 21.0 (17.3–22.5) 0.528
Length of ICU stay, days 3.8 (2.9–4.8) 2.9 (2.4–3.7) 0.002
Length of hospital stay, days 15.0 (13.0–17.5) 13.0 (11.0–16.0) 0.117
Postoperative hospital days 9.5 (8.0–11.0) 8.0 (7.0–9.0) 0.021
Hospital fees, Chinese yuan, ×104 8.91 (8.10–10.22) 7.80 (6.69–9.13) 0.006
  1. Data are presented as the median (interquartile range) unless otherwise stated. ICU intensive care unit