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Table 1 Epidemiological data are presented covering 2108 patients, who were treated in the ER after only CPR in the ER (n = 1197) and after prehospital and additional CPR in the ER (n = 911)

From: Outcome and predictors for successful resuscitation in the emergency room of adult patients in traumatic cardiorespiratory arrest

  Control group CPR in the ER
n = 36391 n = 2108
Age (years) 48.1 ± 20.1 49.0 ± 21.0
ISS 27.9 ± 11.0 42.0 ± 18.1
Male/female 27.1 %/72.9 % 29.9 %/70.1 %
Trauma cause
 Car 27.4 % 29.2 %
 Motorcycle 14,0 % 13.8 %
 Bicycle 8.4 % 7.1 %
 Pedestrian 7.8 % 13,0 %
 High fall (≥3 m) 19.1 % 19.7 %
 Low fall 14.5 % 4.7 %
 Others 8.9 % 12.6 %
Traffic accident 41.5 % 35.2 %
Blunt trauma 95.7 % 92.1 %
Penetrating trauma 4.3 % 7.9 %
AIS head ≥3 56.8 % 58.6 %
AIS thorax ≥3 56.2 % 73.6 %
AIS abdomen ≥3 18.4 % 31.8 %
AIS extremities ≥3 33.9 % 46.5 %
Preclinical volume (ml) 1107 ± 864 1601 ± 1155
Time from accident to hospital admission (min) 68.4 ± 29.3 64.0 ± 27.2
Preclinical resuscitation 2.6 % 56.8 %
Preclinical GCS ≤8 31.9 % 70.6 %
Preclinical shock (BP ≤90mmHG) 17.0 % 59.9 %
Preclinical intubation 49.6 % 84.8 %
Preclinical transfusion of catecholamines 9.1 % 53.3 %
Preclinical thoracic drainage 5.4 % 18.0 %
Mild hypotension on admission (BP ≤90mmHG) 13.4 % 63.6 %
Blood transfusion: number of packed red blood cell units 21.9 % 63.6 %
TASH score 6.2 ± 5.0 13.8 ± 6.0
Hemoglobin ER 12.1 ± 2.6 9.1 ± 3.6
Quick’s value ER 79.1 ± 22.9 50.7 ± 28.0
INR ER 1.28 ± 0.65 2.34 ± 2.02
Base excess ER – 3.0 ± 4.5 – 12.3 ± 9.1
Coagulopathy 29.2 % 70.8 %
  1. The “Control group” comprises 36,391 patients who were treated in the ER (including 35,477 patients without any CPR and 944 patients after prehospital CPR)
  2. ER emergency room, CPR cardiopulmonary resuscitation, ISS Injury Severity Score, AIS Abbreviated Injury Severity Score, GCS Glasgow Coma Score, BP blood pressure, TASH Trauma-Associated Severe Haemorrhage, INR international normalised ratio