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Table 1 Baseline characteristics at the time of drawing the first positive blood culture in the pre-intervention and post-intervention group (n = 881)

From: Early identification of sepsis in hospital inpatients by ward nurses increases 30-day survival

  Pre-intervention Post intervention  
(n = 472) (n = 409)
Variables Number (%) Number (%) P
Age    0.340
  < 65 years 147 (31.1) 127 (31.1)  
 65– ≤ 80 years 150 (31.8) 147 (35.9)  
  > 80 years 175 (37.1) 135 (33.0)  
Female 232 (49.2) 218 (53.3) 0.219
Place of acquisition    0.201
 Community-acquired 216 (45.8) 164 (40.1)  
 Healthcare-acquired 195 (41.3) 192 (46.9)  
 Hospital-acquired 61 (12.9) 53 (13.0)  
Functional status    <0.001
 Independent 269 (57.2) 284 (69.4)  
 Partly independent 139 (29.6) 72 (17.6)  
 Dependent 62 (13.2) 53 (13.0)  
Charlson Comorbidity Index    0.624
 0 123 (26.1) 95 (23.2)  
 1–2 186 (39.4) 167 (40.8)  
  ≥ 3 163 (34.5) 147 (36.0)  
Infection severity    <0.001
 BSI without sepsis 21 (4.4) 2 (0.5)  
 Sepsis 352 (74.6) 274 (67.0)  
 Severe sepsis 90 (19.1) 123 (30.1)  
 Septic shock 9 (1.9) 10 (2.4)  
SOFA score >2 in any organ 97 (20.6) 132 (32.3)  
Infection focus    0.370
 Lungs 73 (15.5) 59 (14.4)  
 Urinary tract 189 (40.0) 183 (44.8)  
 Other and unknown 210 (44.5) 167 (40.8)  
Bloodstream infection (BSI) categories    0.741
 Gram-negative BSI 263 (55.7) 232 (56.7)  
 Gram-positive BSI 178 (37.7) 146 (35.7)  
 Mixed microbial 31 (6.6) 31 (7.6)  
Antibiotic before admission (yes) 64 (13.6) 71 (17.4) 0.118
Appropriate antibiotic therapy within 24 h 402 (85.2) 356 (87.0) 0.424
Immunosuppressant use (yes) 69 (14.6) 73 (17.9) 0.194
  1. SOFA severe organ failure (score >2 in any organ using the Sequential Organ Failure Assessment) at the time of diagnosis, BSI bloodstream infection