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Table 1 Descriptive statistics

From: The interplay between teamwork, clinicians’ emotional exhaustion, and clinician-rated patient safety: a longitudinal study

  Month 1 Month 4 Month 7
Unit level    
  Frequency (percentage)
 Type of hospital (university/cantonal/regional) 4 (8)/11 (23)/32 (67)
 Type of ICU (medical/surgical/pediatric/mixed) 5 (10)/7 (13)/2 (4)/41 (75)
  Mean (range)
 Beds 12 (6–40)
 Patients treated per month 90 (10–405) 80 (18–314) 87 (24–447)
Individual level    
  Frequency (percentage)
 N 1460 1007 807
 Gender (male/female) 1028 (70.4)/365 (25.0) 755 (75.0)/250 (24.8) 583 (72.2)/218 (27.0)
 Professional role (nurse/physician) 1131 (77.5)/243 (16.6) 506 (50.2)/90 (8.9) 357 (44.2)/72 (8.9)
 Head RNs 75 (5.1) 7 (0.7) 4 (0.5)
 Intensive care RNs 779 (53.4) 114 (11.3) 82 (10.2)
 RNs in intensive care training 116 (7.9) 16 (1.6) 20 (2.5)
 Head physicians 70 (4.8) 7 (0.7) 7 (0.9)
 Senior physicians 85 (5.8) 25 (2.5) 25 (3.1)
 Resident physicians 77 (5.3) 20 (2.0) 33 (4.1)
 Workload in hospital (full time/part time) 684 (46.8)/703 (48.2) 443 (44.0)/527 (52.3) 334 (41.4)/446 (55.3)
 Workload in ICU (full time/part time) 683 (46.8)/700 (47.9) 443 (44.0)/527 (52.3) 201 (24.9)/379 (47.0)
  Mean (standard deviation)
 Age 39.56 (9.33) 40.44 (9.33) 40.64 (9.07)
 Tenure (years in organization) 9.80 (8.35) 8.29 (7.59) 7.22 (6.71)
 Tenure (years in ICU) 8.21 (7.69) 6.53 (7.01) 5.35 (6.23)
 Professional experience 12.57 (8.94) 11.57 (8.71) 10.30 (8.50)
 Cognitive-behavioral teamwork 5.24 (0.81) 5.25 (0.76) 5.21 (0.78)
 Interpersonal teamwork 3.13 (0.61) 3.14 (0.63) 3.11 (0.62)
 Emotional exhaustion 2.73 (0.84) 2.67 (0.83) 2.65 (0.85)
 Clinician-rated patient safety 3.71 (0.62) 3.71 (0.59) 3.70 (0.59)
  1. Not all units and participants provided all demographic information at all measurement occasions. N = 493 clinicians participated across all three measurement occasions
  2. ICU intensive care unit, RN registered nurse