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Table 1 Patient characteristics by ARDS status

From: Low Plasma Levels of Adiponectin Do Not Explain Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome Risk: a Prospective Cohort Study of Patients with Severe Sepsis

  Non-ARDS (n = 90) ARDS (n = 73) P-value
Age (median, IQR) 63 (55, 72) 58 (52, 68) 0.09
Female sex (n, %) 35 (39) 31 (42) 0.64
White race (n, %) 48 (53) 41 (56) 0.72
Tobacco use (n, %)    0.81
 Never smoker 24 (27) 22 (30)  
 Ever smoker 54 (60) 39 (53)  
 Current smoker 9 (10) 8 (11)  
 Unknown 3 (3) 4 (5)  
BMI (median, IQR) 23.6 (20.3, 28.6) 25.6 (21.3, 31.0) 0.15
Weight class (n, %)    0.14
 BMI ≤18.5 kg/m2 11 (12) 8 (11)  
 BMI 18.5–25 kg/m2 43 (48) 23 (32)  
 BMI 25–30 kg/m2 18 (20) 19 (26)  
 BMI ≥30 kg/m2 18 (20) 23 (32)  
History of diabetes (n, %) 37 (41) 21 (28) 0.10
History of chronic liver disease (n, %) 4 (4) 14 (19) 0.003
History of chronic kidney disease (n, %) 9 (10) 9 (12) 0.66
Immunocompromised (n, %) 44(49) 38 (52) 0.69
History of organ transplantation (n, %) 8 (9) 4 (6) 0.42
Pulmonary source of sepsis (n, %) 25 (28) 38 (52) 0.002
Shock on Admission (n, %) 51 (57) 54 (74) 0.03
APACHE III (median, IQR) 72 (61, 90) 85 (73, 98) 0.003
30-day mortality (n, %) 28 (32) 54 (74) <0.001
  1. Values obtained using Wilcoxon ranksum and chi square tests. Abbreviations: ARDS = Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome; BMI = Body Mass Index; APACHE = Acute Physiology, Age, Chronic Health Evaluation