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Table 1 Extracorporeal Life Support Organization (ELSO) Recommended Indications for ECMO in Adult Patients with Cardiac Failure [12]

From: Mechanical circulatory support in the new era: an overview

- Inadequate tissue perfusion manifested as hypotension and low cardiac output despite adequate intravascular volume.
- Shock persisting despite volume administration, inotropes and vasoconstrictors, and intra‐aortic balloon counter‐pulsation if appropriate.
- Typical causes: Acute myocardial infarction, myocarditis, peripartum cardiomyopathy, decompensated chronic heart failure, post cardiotomy shock.
- Septic shock is an indication in some centers.