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Table 1 Interim case definitions for Middle East respiratory syndrome coronavirus (MERS‐CoV) infection (as of 14 July 2015) [3]

From: Critically ill patients with Middle East respiratory syndrome coronavirus infection

Probable case An acute respiratory illness with fever and clinical, radiological, or histopathological evidence of pulmonary involvement
AND
Direct epidemiologic link with a confirmed MERS‐CoV case
AND
MERS‐CoV testing is unavailable, negative on a single inadequate specimen or inconclusive
An acute respiratory illness with fever and clinical, radiological, or histopathological evidence of pulmonary involvement
AND
The person lives in or has travelled to Middle Eastern countries or countries where MERS‐CoV is known to be circulating in dromedary camels or where human MERS‐CoV infections have recently occurred
AND
MERS‐CoV testing is inconclusive
An acute febrile respiratory illness of any severity
AND
Direct epidemiologic link with a confirmed MERS‐CoV case
AND
MERS‐CoV testing is inconclusive
Confirmed case A person with laboratory‐confirmed MERS‐CoV infection irrespective of clinical signs and symptoms