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Table 3 Bacteria-associated colonization or infection before or during PIPA

From: Putative invasive pulmonary aspergillosis in critically ill patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease: a matched cohort study

  All patients PIPA No PIPA p Valuea
(n = 150) (n = 50) (n = 100)
Positive airways culture, n (%) 91 (61) 30 (60) 61 (61) 0.725
Gram-negative bacteria, n (%)
 Respiratoryb 14 (9) 1 (2) 13 (13) 0.054
 Enterobacteria 35 (23) 9 (18) 26 (26) 0.236
 Non-fermenting bacteriac 51 (34) 20 (40) 31 (31) 0.331
Pseudomonas spp. 38 (25) 14 (28) 24 (24) 0.670
Gram-positive bacteria, n (%)
Staphylococcus aureus 21 (14) 10 (20) 11 (11) 0.160
 Other coccid 21 (14) 5 (10) 16 (16) 0.290
  1. PIPA putative invasive pulmonary aspergillosis
  2. a p < 0.05 was considered statistically significant
  3. b Haemophilus influenzae and Moraxella catarrhalis
  4. c Pseudomonas spp., Acinetobacter spp., Stenotrophomonas spp., Burkholderia spp.
  5. d Streptococcus pneumoniae, Enterococcus spp.