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Table 6 Relationship between glycemic control and infectious complications determined through Pearson linear correlation (r)

From: Diabetes-specific enteral nutrition formula in hyperglycemic, mechanically ventilated, critically ill patients: a prospective, open-label, blind-randomized, multicenter study

  Pneumonia / 1000 ventilator days p value Tracheobronchitis / 1000 ventilator days p value
Mean plasma glucose level r = 0.512 0.65 r = 0.778 0.43
Mean capillary glucose level r = 0.749 0.46 r = 0.933 0.23
Administered insulin r = 0.863 0.33 r = 0.985 0.11
Mean capillary glucose on day 1 r = 0.988 0.09 r = 0.980 0.12
Variability (GLI) days 1–28 r = 0.978 0.13 r = 0.989 0.09
Variability (GLI) days 1–7 r = 0.962 0.17 r = 0.997 0.05
Variability (SD) days 1–28 r = 0.713 0.49 r = 0.912 0.26
Variability (SD) days 1–7 r = 0.969 0.16 r = 0.995 0.06
Coefficient of glycemic variation days 1–28 r = 0.967 0.16 r = 0.995 0.06
Coefficient of glycemic variation days 1–7 r = 0.961 0.17 r = 0.997 0.04
  1. GLI glycemic lability index, SD standard deviation