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Table 3 Nutrients received

From: Diabetes-specific enteral nutrition formula in hyperglycemic, mechanically ventilated, critically ill patients: a prospective, open-label, blind-randomized, multicenter study

  GROUP A GROUP B GROUP C p value
(n = 52) (n = 53) (n = 52)
Volume ratio (%) 79.8 (13.4) 81.1 (17) 82.4 (15) 0.71
Total calories received (kcal/day) 1349 (323) 1385 (454) 1423 (383) 0.17
(kcal/kg/day) 22.2 (4.1) 21.7 (4.8) 21.3 (3.8)  
Protein (g/day) 76.8 (18.4) 69.2 (23.2) 71.1 (19.1) 0.11
(g/kg/day) 1.26 (0.32) 1.21 (0.27) 1.23 (0.18)  
Carbohydrates (g/day) 110.6 (25.8) 151.3 (50.7)*a 106.1 (28.6) <0.001*
(g/kg/day) 1.6 (0.18) 2.1 (0.26) 1.5 (0.19)  
Fat (g/day) 59.3 (16.4) 52.4 (17.5)*b 77.4 (20.8)*c <0.01*b
(g/kg/day) 0.8 (0.12) 0.71 (0.17) 0.96 (0.22) <0.001*c
Fiber (g/day) 19.1 (5.8) 13.4 (4.9)a* 15.7 (5.5)*d <0.01*d
(g/kg/day) 0.26 (0.09) 0.16 (0.05) 0.2 (0.06) <0.001*a
  1. Values are provided as means (SD). Asterisks indicate statistical significance
  2. aDifference group B vs. groups A and C
  3. bDifference group A vs. group B
  4. cDifference group C vs. groups A and B
  5. dDifference group A vs. group C