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Table 1 Cash flow analysis of the implementation of the automated dispensing system (ADS) in three ICUs

From: Automated drug dispensing systems in the intensive care unit: a financial analysis

  Year 0 Year 1 Year 2 Year 3 Year 4 Year 5
  (2011) (2012) (2013) (2014) (2015) (2016)
Operations
Nurse time gained (€) / 133,833 136,510 139,240 142,025 144,865
Pharmacy technician additional cost (€) / −22,750 −23,205 −23,669 −24,142 −24,625
Saving from reduced outdated drugs (€) / 14,772 15,067 15,369 15,676 15,990
Maintenance costs (€) 0 333 0 4832 2743 /
Total (operating cash flow) (€) / 126,188 128,372 135,772 136,302 136,229
Investment
ADS (€) in three ICUs −121,500 / / / / 12,000
Software (€) −4,500 / / / / /
Saving from reduced drug storage (€) 44,298 / / / / /
Total (investment cash flow) (€) −81,702      12,000
Global cash flow (€) −81,702 126,188 128,372 135,772 136,302 148,229