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Table 1 Incidence of postextubation stridor, postextubation laryngeal edema, and reintubation

From: Postextubation laryngeal edema and stridor resulting in respiratory failure in critically ill adult patients: updated review

Author Year Participants, number Cases, number Percentage Reintubation due to PES/PLE, number Percentage of participants Percentage of cases Reintubation total, number Percentage of participants
Postextubation stridor          
Colice et al. [1] 1989 82 5 6.1 % N/A N/A N/A 9 11 %
Ho et al. [17]a 1996 38 10 26.3 % 1 2.6 % 10 % N/A N/A
Miller and Cole [22] 1996 100 6 6.0 % 3 3.0 % 50 % 17 17.0 %
Epstein and Ciubotaru [3] 1998 745 N/A N/A 11 1.5 % N/A 74 9.9 %
Sandhu et al. [21] 2000 110 13 11.8 % 6 5.5 % 46.2 % N/A N/A
De Bast et al. [2] 2002 76 10 13.2 % 8 10.5 % 80 % 14 18.4 %
Jaber et al. [25]b 2003 112 13 11.6 % 9 8.0 % 69.2 % 11 9.8 %
Maury et al. [20]b 2004 99 4 4.0 % 1 1.0 % 25.0 % 18 18.2 %
Kriner et al. [18] 2005 462 20 4.3 % 7 1.5 % 35 % N/A N/A
Ding et al. [23] 2006 51 4 7.8 % 2 3.9 % 50 % N/A N/A
Cheng et al. [16]c 2006 236 18 7.6 % 10 4.2 % 55.6 % 14 5.9 %
Lee et al. [30]d 2007 325 25 7.7 % 6 1.8 % 24.0 % 6 1.8 %
Tadié et al. [14] 2010 136 18 13.2 % 4 2.9 % 22.2 % 17 12.5 %
Cheng et al. [26]c 2011 113 16 14.2 % 11 9.7 % 68.8 % 14 12.4 %
Gros et al. [27] 2012 104 7 6.7 % 6 5.8 % 85.7 % 29 27.9 %
Sutherasan et al. [15] 2013 101 16 15.8 % N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A
Mikaeili et al. [28] 2014 41 4 9.8 % N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A
Abbasi et al. [29]a 2014 35 7 20 % N/A N/A N/A 11 31.4 %
Laryngeal edema          
Darmon et al. [12]a 1992 337 17 5.0 % 5 1.5 % 29.4 % N/A N/A
De Bast et al. [2] 2002 76 8 10.5 % 8 10.5 % 100 % 14 18.4 %
Chung et al. [13] 2006 95 35 36.8 % N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A
François et al. [11]a 2007 343 76 22.2 % 11 3.2 % 14.5 % 26 7.6 %
Tadié et al. [14] 2010 136 74 54.4 % 13 9.6 % 17.6 % N/A N/A
Sutherasan et al. [15] 2013 101 17 16.8 % 2 2.0 % 11.8 % N/A N/A
  1. Adapted from Wittekamp et al. [4]
  2. PES/PLE postextubation stridor/postextubation laryngeal edema, N/A data not available
  3. aPlacebo group
  4. bOnly reintubation after first extubation attempt was included in analysis
  5. cNonintervention group (cuff leak volume (CLV) ≥24 %) and placebo group combined
  6. dNonintervention group (CLV >110 ml) and placebo group combined
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