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Table 5 Mean (SE) costs by category, total costs (2012 to 2013 £UK) and mortality, by subgroup

From: Quantifying the healthcare costs of treating severely bleeding major trauma patients: a national study for England

  Whole cohort Subgroup by blood volume Subgroup by ISS Subgroup by injury type
n = 441 4 to 9 PRBCs n = 294 ≥10 PRBCs n = 147 ISS <15 n = 85 ISS ≥15 n = 356 Blunt n = 352 Penetrating n = 89
Transport to ED cost £1,671 (£42) £1,670 (£52) £1,671 (£74) £1,420 (£93) £1,730 (£47) £1,810 (£47) £1,121 (£64)
Theatre cost £3,155 (£214) £3,159 (£244) £3,146 (£419) £3,426 (£443) £3,090 (£243) £3,194 (£258) £2,999 (£294)
ICU cost £4,895 (£333) £4,793 (£403) £5,099 (£593) £2,685 (£455) £5,423 (£394) £5,426 (£399) £2,795 (£420)
Ward cost £4,619 (£286) £4,937 (£354) £3,983 (£483) £3,897 (£435) £4,791 (£339) £5,139 (£340) £2,564 (£383)
Ventilation cost £2,780 (£355) £2,285 (£375) £3,769 (£801) £1,573 (£486) £3,068 (£421) £3,195 (£424) £1,139 (£267)
Blood component cost £2,362 (£115) £1,455 (£64) £4,174 (£261) £1,615 (£146) £2,540 (£136) £2,270 (£105) £2,723 (£390)
Other inpatient costs £289 (£12) £278 (£13) £312 (£26) £169 (£16) £318 (£14) £322 (£14) £159 (£20)
Post-acute care cost £455 (£149) £570 (£221) £225 (£62) £130 (£64) £533 (£184) £563 (£186) £31 (£31)
Re-admission cost £365 (£97) £281 (£94) £533 (£222) £318 (£179) £376 (£112) £452 (£121) £21 (£38)
Mean (95 % CI) total cost £20,591 (£18,924 to £22,257) £19,429 (£17,567 to £21,293) £22,912 (£19,525 to £26,298) £15,233 (£12,970 to £17,495) £21,870 (£19,895 to £23,845) £22,370 (£20,383 to £24,358) £13,552 (£11,748 to £15,356)
In-hospital mortality - n (prop) 117/441 (0.27) 61/294 (0.21) 56/147 (0.38) 5/85 (0.06) 112/356 (0.31) 100/352 (0.28) 17/89 (0.19)
12-month mortality - n (prop) 145/403 (0.36) 79/263 (0.30) 66/140 (0.47) 11/74 (0.15) 134/329 (0.41) 122/324 (0.38) 23/79 (0.29)
  1. CI Confidence Interval, ED Emergency Department, ICU Intensive Care Unit, ISS Injury Severity Score, PRBCs Packed Red Blood Cells, Prop Proportion, SE Standard Error